Empathy Task: Historical Construction Techniques

Andre Fuller
Wed, 23 Aug 2017 07:22 PM

Hands on History Blog Post Ballista

 

The Making of the Ballista and challenges they had on making it.

 

Century: 6th century Ballista technology for the Greeks and when the Romans absorbed the Greek city states into the Roman republic they used the Greek technology in 146 BC (1st Century BC) The earliest known recordings of the Greek Ballista technology was 400 BC

 

Empire: The Greek Empire and the Roman Empire.

 

Technology: The technology available in the 6th century for the Greek and Roman Empire are going to be divided into 2 forms, Mining and Water technology.

 

Water Technology:

 

  • Aqueducts
  • Fountains
  • Baths
  • Other sanitary and purgatory facilities
  • Flood Protection
  • Stormwater Facilities
  • Water Mills and Wells

 

Mining

 

  • The Greeks and Romans developed several silver mines for profit which boosted the economy and helped the Empire develop a conversion to coinage, more materials by trade.

 

The Greeks Involved mining the ore in underground galleries, washing it then smelting it to produce metal.

 

Materials Used for the Ballista

 

  • Torsion springs
  • Twisted Skeins
  • Iron plates
  • Iron nails
  • Taut Springs
  • Bronze caps
  • Wooden Planks
  • Stone sliders
  • Iron Ballista bolts

 

How Materials Were Collected

 

  • The Iron and Bronze were supplied through Iron and Bronze mines. The Romans mostly collected these materials through mines from Tingitana (Central Africa), Egypt, Arabia, Germania and many more countries.
  • Axes were made of Bronze for the tip and the handles were made from wood. The Romans would cut down forests when they were marching towards an enemy, on their way marching, the general would order soldiers to cut down any forests that they were marching towards so the enemy they were facing could not ambush the legion.
  • “String” for the Torsion springs were made from the hair of women. In ancient Roman tradition, women were supposed to have given up their hair for the use of catapults and ballista’s.
  • The stone used for the sliders were collected out of quarry’s and their already existing silver, bronze and iron mines
  • Ballista bolt heads were made out of Iron and stone which is already stated above.

 

Challenges Faced: The Romans had to collect various materials and all shape them into the perspective materials they were using. For Metal, they had to excavate an area and create the smelting process which was mostly done in areas away from their major cities like Africa, transport it by horseback or cattle which can take weeks depending on where the mines are, transport soldiers to cut down trees for the wood making process and having enough hair from the Roman and Greek women to make the Torsion springs. The Ballista can take days on end to make especially the bolts as they also had to be shaped and made.

 

 

Image: As this Document is being finished on the 23/8/17 and as we don’t have another hands-on history lesson, I’m going to show a picture of thealready finished design on the website we are basing the prototype from the website we used to make it.

 NOTES FOR THE IMAGES: I WILL BE MAKING A SEPEARTE BLOG POST FOR THE IMAGES BECAUSE FOR SOME REASON I CAN NOT ADD ANY ATTACHMENTS

 

 

 

Roman Version:

 

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ballista

https://au.pinterest.com/pin/481814860105945935/

http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/medieval-weapons/ballista.htm

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