HoH Blog Post 3
Our chosen siege weapon, being the Mangonel, was used in a variety of battles, one of them being the siege of Dover otherwise known as the battle of Sandwich and often had the nick name ‘The Great Siege’. The siege was just outside of Dover, England. This was the first time the mangonel was used in England. Dover Castle is a medieval castle in Dover, Kent. It was founded in the 11th century and has been described as the "Key to England". The two sides in the siege were the English, who were led by Hubert De Burgh and the French, who were led by Prince Louis. The year in which our siege weapon was used as in 1216.
Due to the fact that the walls of the castle were so high and strong, the French and the English used the Mangonel in attempt to bombard the walls and gate, and a wattle siege tower – described as “a very high castle made of hurdles”. The French were able to break down the siege tower, however, nothing else was destroyed because the English defenders used them on top of the walls to fire down upon the attacking force in an attempt to kill some of the soldiers. This was very advantageous for the defenders since the Mangonel took out many of the rebels troops from high up.
In conclusion, I believe that the mangonel was a highly effective weapon until nations developed more sophisticated fortifications, which outdated the mangonel. Also, the French did not end up winning the siege of Dover, as it happened that Dover Castle was “modern” and could withstand the relentless pounding of the mangonels.